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Pseudoeos cardinalis

Common Name: Cardinal Lory

Range: Lowlands of Solomon Islands and Bismarck Archipelago

Pseudoeos cardinalis
Description
Cardinal Lory
  • generally red, darker and more brown on back, wings and forward cheek area; breast and abdomen with pale yellow edging; tail brownish-red; yellow edging; periopthalmic ring and around bill blackish; iris orange-red; feet grey; bill orange with black base to upper mandible
  • Female as male
  • Immatures with duller plumage
  • Length: 31cm
  • Status: common to numerous in the greater part of distribution area
Location
Cardinal Lory
  • Distribution: Solomon Islands and islands of Bougainville, Buka, Nissan, Feni, Tanga, Lihir, Tabar and New Hanover
  • Habitat: rain forest, secondary vegetation, mangroves and coconut plantations in lowland areas, but also to 830m
Aviculture
  • noisy parrot heard fairly often; playful; confiding; lively in fine weather; then swings and hands screeching and flapping wings on branches or perches; enjoys bathings; sensitive to cold
  • Breeding behavior: largely observed in August, feeding young in July and courtship display in early September
  • Breeding in Aviculture: only seldom achieved; breeding period begins in May; clutch two eggs; often infertile; both adults stay in nestbox during breeding; exact fledging period unknown
Social Behavior
  • singly, in pairs and small flocks of up to 20 birds outside breeding season; mostly seen flying or feeding on the flowers of coconut palms and other trees; there noisy and quarrelsome; flight straight and direct; conspicuous by broad split tail; large flocks occasionally migrate from island to island in Solomon Islands; call shrill, screeching and penetrating; also repeated harsh call; markedly louder than Rainbow Lory
Diet
  • Lory feed of fruit, pollen brewer's yeast, rice flakes, multigrain flakes; dextrose and low fat yogurt; provide rusk softened in lory mix; various fruit; fresh branches with flowers and buds; sprinkle vitamin and mineral supplements over lory food
  • Natural diet: small berries and fruits, vegetable matter and flowers, especially coconut palms; supposed to prefer feeding trees with red flowers

Accomodation
  • in summer, inside area 2x1x2m with adjoining outside flight of at least 3x1x2m; minimum temperature 20 degrees C; provide roosting box from outset